No Gov’t could survive if 3.5% of the population mobilized non-violently

Researchers used to say that no government could survive if five percent of its population mobilized against it.

But our data reveal that the threshold is probably lower. In fact, no campaigns failed once they’d achieved the active and sustained participation of just 3.5% of the population—and lots of them succeeded with far less than that [5].

Now, 3.5% is nothing to sneeze at. In the U.S. today, this means almost 11 million people.But get this: Every single campaign that did surpass that 3.5% threshold was a nonviolent one.

In fact, campaigns that relied solely on nonviolent methods were on average four times larger than the average violent campaign. And they were often much more representative in terms of gender, age, race, political party, class, and urban-rural distinctions.

Source: My Talk at TEDxBoulder: Civil Resistance and the “3.5% Rule” | rationalinsurgent