As Truth and Reconciliation Commission ends, hard facts about residential schools remain chilling


  •  132 residential schools in total were created.• Residential schools did not exist in Newfoundland, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island
  • • An estimated 60 per cent of church-run residential schools were operated by Roman Catholics; 25 per cent by Anglicans and 15 per cent by the United Church of Canada. Several others were operated by Presbyterians and other churches.
  • • 150,000 children were removed from their families and communities and placed in residential schools.

  • • More than 4,100 children died of disease or by accident while attending a residential school.
  • • In 1920, the deputy minister of Indian Affairs predicted that within a century, Aboriginal people would cease to exist as an identifiable cultural group.
  • • Also in 1920, the Indian Act was revised and attendance at residential schools was made compulsory for all children up to age 15.
  • • In 1960, status Indians were first allowed to vote in federal elections.
  • • In 1996, the last residential school was closed.
  • • An estimated 80,000 residential school survivors were accounted for in 2012.
  • • In 2006, Canada approved a settlement that led to a Common Experience Payment (CEP), which was made available to former residential school students.
  • • $10,000 was given to eligible former residential school students for their first year of attendance, plus $3,000 for each additional year.
  • • 105,457 of CEP applications have been received since 2007.
  • • 79,272 of CEP applications were paid as of Sept. 30, 2014.
  • • 23,892 applications have been deemed ineligible.
  • • $1,621,295,106 of CEP payments have been distributed in total. • $20,452 is the average CEP payment.
  • • In 2008, Prime Minister Stephen Harper issued an apology to former residential school students.
  • • University of Manitoba is the home of the National Research Centre, which will house the statements, documents and all other materials the TRC has gathered.
  • • Eight out of 10 respondents to a 2000 Angus Reid poll said that they were aware of the residential schools issue.
  • • Five out of 10 respondents to a 2008 Environics poll said that they had heard or read something on the subject of residential schools.






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